Research Results Adolescence refers to the years between ages 13 and 19 and is considered the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood. The telltale transformations that occur can start during the preteen or “tween” years (ages 9 through 12), and last through the end of puberty (typically around age 15 for girls and 17 for boys); the physical, emotional and hormonal shifts can have parents scratching their heads, remarking that their child has “become someone else.”
Research Results In posture (the distribution of body mass with respect to gravity), the lowermost joints in the musculoskeletal system are of fundamental significance. These include both the feet and ankles, which support the entirety of the musculoskeletal system and the sacral base buttressing the vertebral spine. There are four elements that are capable of reducing more than two-thirds of common pain occurrences
Most chronic low back pain is the result of some form of structural weakness or failure. If leg or foot asymmetries or misalignments exist, abnormal forces can interfere with spinal function and contribute to health concerns all along the kinetic chain—especially the generalized condition of “back pain.” The following conditions can have a major impact on lumbar spine function. In each case, orthotic supports can decrease external forces and contribute significantly to a cost-effective treatment outcome: Excessive pronation and/or arch collapse.
Research Results | Over this time shoe styles have changed and evolved in a variety of ways to accommodate the demands of fashion trends, with the highest of heels measuring approximately 5 inches. While fashion has dictated societal choices regarding footwear, the anatomical structure and function of the foot has not changed. This has led to corresponding alterations in gait patterns and is a direct correlate to some foot conditions.
Research Results | The lumbar spine and pelvis balance on the lower extremities during standing, walking, and running. If leg or foot asymmetries or misalignments exist, abnormal forces transmitted along the closed kinetic chain can interfere with spinal function.